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The necessity of mechanical equipment automation renovation

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  1. Necessity of automation transformation of machinery and equipment
  1. From the micro point of view, the necessity of transformation. From the micro point of view, automated mechanical equipment has the following outstanding advantages over traditional mechanical equipment, and these advantages are derived from the power of the computer contained in the automation system.
  It can process complex parts such as curves and surfaces which can not be processed by traditional mechanical equipment. Because the computer has superb computing power, it can calculate the momentum of each coordinate axis instantaneously and accurately, so it can be combined into complex curves or surfaces.
  It can realize the automation of processing, and is flexible automation, so the efficiency can be increased by 3 to 7 times compared with traditional mechanical equipment. Because the computer has the ability of memory and storage, it can memorize and store the input program, and then automatically execute it in the order specified by the program, so as to realize automation.
  As long as one program is replaced, the automation of the processing of another workpiece can be realized, so that the automation of single-piece and small-batch production can be realized. Therefore, it is called "flexible automation". Processing parts with high accuracy and small size dispersion makes assembly easy and no need for "repair".
  It can realize multi-process centralization and reduce the frequent handling of parts between mechanical equipment. It has many self-disciplined functions such as automatic alarm, automatic monitoring and automatic compensation, so it can realize long-time unattended processing.
  Benefits derived from the above five items. For example, it reduces the labor intensity of workers, saves labor (one person can supervise more than one machine), reduces tooling, shortens the trial production cycle and production cycle of new products, and can respond quickly to market demand, etc.
  These advantages are beyond the imagination of predecessors, and are an extremely significant breakthrough. In addition, the automation of mechanical equipment is the basis of information transformation of enterprises such as FMC (Flexible Manufacturing Cell), FMS (Flexible Manufacturing System) and CIMS (Computer Integrated Manufacturing System). Automation technology has become the core technology and basic technology of manufacturing automation.
  2. Looking at the necessity of transformation from a macro perspective,
  In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the military and civil machinery industries in developed countries began to apply automated machinery and equipment on a large scale. Its essence is to use information technology to carry out technological transformation of traditional industries (including military and civil machinery industry). It also adds information technology, including artificial intelligence, to the products it produces. As the use of information technology to conduct in-depth transformation of foreign military and civil machinery industry (known as informatization), ultimately their products in the international military and civil market competitiveness has been greatly enhanced. And we are about 20 years behind developed countries in transforming traditional industries with information technology. For example, in China, the proportion of automated machinery and equipment (automation rate) was only 1.9% in 1995, while Japan had reached 20.8% in 1994, so a large number of mechanical and electrical products were imported every year. This also explains the necessity of automation transformation of machinery and equipment from a macro point of view.